SwissCube is the first satellite entirely built in Switzerland. It is very small in size since it occupies a volume of 1 litre (10x10x10 cm) and weights less than 1 Kg. SwissCube follows the Cubesat standard which was developed by Standford and CalPoly (USA) and allows universities and research centres to build their own satellites. Due to its size and available power (less than a few Watt are generated by the solar panels), SwissCube can of course not compete with the capabilities of much larger satellites. However, it carries most of the sub-systems (e.g. structure, on-board computer, communication, attitude control, antennas) that exist on large satellites and allowed students to build a complex engineering system.

SwissCube was mainly built by students from different universities under the supervision of the Space Center EPFL. More than 180 students participated in the adventure from EPFL, from the university of Neuchatel, from the HES-SO (Sion, Yverdon, Fribourg, St-Immer, Le Locle), and from the FHNW (Brugg-Windisch). The project was managed in a similar manner as some of the programmes in space agencies such as ESA and NASA with detailed reviews after each major phase of the project. The goal being to prepare at best the students for their future professional careers.